Today marks the Seventeenth of Tammuz. A somber day for the Jewish people and the beginning of the “Three Weeks”; a mourning period leading up to Tisha B’Av. The Seventeenth of Tammuz is a fast day commemorating the breath of the walls of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Second Temple. Traditionally this day also commemorates other historical calamities of the Jewish people as seen in Tractate Taanit (28:B) of the Talmud Bavli:
From here we learn the the seventeenth of Tammuz also commemorates Moses breaking the tablets containing the Ten Commandments after witnessing the people of Israel worshiping the Golden Calf. Additionally the daily offering was nullified. What is the calamity here?
Further, the walls of the Temple were breached on this day although there is a dispute if this really happened on the seventeenth or on the ninth:
The gemara continues:
Additionally on this date Apostemos publicly burned a Torah scroll and Manasseh placed an idol in the Sanctuary.
We at Koren Publishers wish everyone a meaningful fast. May we find consolation and comfort in our days.